Muscat (Oman) / Vienna (Austria), 8 February 2014
At the invitation of the Sultan Qaboos Higher Centre for Culture and
Science, the President of the International Progress
Organization (I.P.O.), Dr. Hans Köchler, last week delivered a
special lecture on "The Policy of Violence and its Destructive
Impact on Social Cohesion." The lecture was part of a Scientific
Forum held at the Sultan Qaboos Grand Mosque in Muscat in connection
with the Third "Week of Rapprochement and Human Harmony."
Prof. Köchler explained that the legitimacy of a political system is
essentially determined by its ability to restrict, and
ultimately prevent, the exercise of violence in society so
as to ensure political stability and a dignified life for all
citizens. This has to be done on the basis of clearly defined legal
rules and procedures, and it requires an unequivocal commitment of
the state to a policy of social justice. The state will
only be credible in its role as "enforcer" of the peace if its
actions are embedded in an elaborate system of separation of powers.
Referring to national and international developments, Prof. Köchler
described the destructive impact of violence on social cohesion and
political order in general, and contrasted the exclusionary
nature and effect of violence with the integrative mandate
of the state.
On the sidelines of the
conference, the delegates visited the Al Batinah South and the South
Eastern Governorates and met with
representatives of several Ministries and state institutions. Prof.
Köchler held conversations with H.M. the Sultan's Adviser for
Cultural Affairs and Minister of Culture and National Heritage,
H.E. Abdul Aziz bin Mohammed al Rowas; the Secretary-General of
the Sultan Qaboos Higher Centre for Culture and Science, Mr.
Habib M. Al-Riyami; the Secretary-General of the State Council
(Senate), Dr. Khaled bin Sali Al-Saidi; the Minister of
Higher Education, H.E. Dr. Rawiyah bint Saud Al-Busaidiyah
the Minister of Information, H.E. Dr. Abdulmunim bin Mansour bin
Said al Hasani; and the Secretary-General of the Foreign
Ministry, H.E. Sayyid Badr bin Hamad bin Hamoud Al-Busaidi.