I.P.O. ANNUAL REPORT 1990

Vienna, 31 December 1990/P/K/12518c

Admission of New Members

At its regular session on 23 February 1990 in New Delhi the Executive Board admitted new members from Austria, Iraq, Nepal, Puerto Rico, United States.

During 1990, the Executive Board admitted new individual and corporate members from Greece, India and Palestine, among them the Center for Research and Action on Peace, headed by Ms. Margarita Papandreou.

New Permanent Representatives

The Executive Board appointed new Permanent Representatives: Prof. Dr. Gudrun Grabher (Permanent Representative to the United Nations Office at Vienna), Mr. Matthew Wolf (Alternate Representative to the United Nations Headquarters in New York), Mr. Charles Saint-Prot (Permanent Representative to Unesco in Paris), Mr. Farid Hanna (Representative in Australia/Sydney), Sri Lal Caldera (Representative in Sri Lanka). The terms of office of other representatives have been renewed.

Follow-up of Current Projects

The Executive Board decided to invite H.E. Giani Zail Singh, former President of India, to join the International Committee for Peace in the Gulf and the International Follow-up Committee for the Exchange of the Prisoners of War between Iran and Iraq. - The Executive Board entrusted the International Committee for Palestinian Human Rights (ICPHR) to study - in co-operation with Unesco - the practice of educational apartheid by the Israeli occupation authorities against the Arabs living in the West Bank and Gaza.

 

RESEARCH PROJECT ON THE UNITED NATIONS

It was decided to launch a research project on the re-drafting of the rules of the UN Security Council in regard to the concept of permanent membership and to the veto right reserved to the permanent members. These provisions are in total contradiction to the principle of democracy in inter-state relations. They constitute a serious obstacle to the establishment of a new world order based on the sovereign equality of states. Such a new order which may require the abolishment of these provisions will finally lead away from the post-war order of a bi-polar world built around the traditional "superpowers." 

In conformity with the resolution adopted by the Executive Board in New Delhi (23 February 1990) the I.P.O. has finalized a research on democratic reform of the Security Council. The results were presented at the First International Conference on a More Democratic United Nations (New York, 13-15 October 1990) of which the I.P.O. was one of the co-sponsors.


NEW PUBLICATION

The research mentioned above will be published as vol. XVII of the series Studies in International Relations under the title: "The Voting Procedure in the United Nations Security Council: Examining a Normative Contradiction and its Consequences for International Relations from the Point of View of Legal Philosophy." The I.P.O. will also submit this document to the Member States of the United Nations.


HUMAN RIGHTS ACTIVITIES

On 29 August 1990 the I.P.O. submitted a Memorandum on "Human Rights Violations in the United States of America - The LaRouche Case" to the United Nations Commission on Human Rights. The Memorandum was handed over on 30 August to the Deputy Director of the UN Center for Human Rights in Geneva by Dr. Hans Koechler, President of the I.P.O.


MEDITERRANEAN PEACE PROJECT

The I.P.O. participated in the meeting of the Mediterranean Peace Committee which was held in Malta (25- 26 March 1990) under the chairmanship of ex-Prime Minister Dr K. Mifsud Bonnici. The I.P.O. was the co-sponsor of the Mediterranean Peace Conference which took place in Crete/Greece from 4 to 5 May 1990. The President of the I.P.O. was elected member of the Executive Bureau of the newly formed Study and Research Council on Mediterranean Affairs.

Co-operation with International Organizations

The Board decided to join the World Council for Global Co- operation (Toronto) as affiliate member. The Council was founded by Nobel Laureates at the initiative of Prof. George Wald (Harvard University).

Democracy and the New Order in Europe

The Executive Board asked the President of the I.P.O. to examine the possibility of convening an international meeting of intellectuals in Prague to study the impact of the democratic movements in Eastern Europe on a global scale.

Information Visits

The President of the I.P.O. paid an information visit to India (19-24 February). He met with Indian ex-President Giani Zail Singh and with the Vice-Chancellors of the Jawaharlal Nehru University and of Jamia Millia Islamia in New Delhi. He gave lectures at the School of International Studies of the Jawaharlal Nehru University and at the Academic Staff College of Jamia Millia Islamia. He was the key speaker at a symposium on Democracy and Human Rights convened by the Indian Council for World Affairs. On 23 February the President of the I.P.O. gave a reception for representatives of public life in New Delhi. The information visit was co-ordinated by the Foreign Affairs Club of India and by the Unity International Foundation.


INTERNATIONAL COMMITTEE FOR PEACE IN THE GULF

Since the beginning of the Gulf crisis the International Progress Organization launched a number of activities promoting the idea of a peaceful settlement within the framework of the United Nations Charter. The I.P.O. sent special messages to the President of the Security Council (17 August, 19 December) and submitted a Memorandum on the Invasion and Annexation of Kuwait by Iraq and Measures to Resolve the Crisis Peacefully (28 September). The President of the I.P.O. received messages from H.M. Hussein I, King of the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan, and from Mr. Yasser Arafat, President of the State of Palestine. On 27 September and 23 November Prof Koechler held consultations with Dr Kurt Waldheim, President of the Republic of Austria. He also met with the Honorable Ramsey Clark, former Attorney-General of the United States and member of the Executive Board of the I.P.O. (New York, 11 October). On 13 December Dr Koechler gave a lecture on the political and legal aspects of the crisis for the students of the Central University of Iowa/USA. The I.P.O. will furthermore participate in the Emergency International Conference for Peace and a Comprehensive Settlement in the Middle East/ Gulf Region to be held in Athens (12-13 January 1991).


INTERNATIONAL COMMITTEE FOR PALESTINIAN HUMAN RIGHTS

The I.P.O. participated in the United Nations NGO Conference on Palestine (Geneva, 30 August 1 September 1990). The President of the I.P.O. delivered several public lectures on the legal aspects of the Palestine problem. He participated in a panel discussion on the Intifada and Israeli Settlement Policies at the Technical University of Vienna (29 March). Several press declarations were issued by the I.P.O. concerning the human rights situation in occupied Palestine.


PARTICIPATION IN INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCES

The I.P.O. participated in the ASPAC 1990 Conference for Disarmament, Security and Cooperation in the Asia-Pacific Region which was held in Melbourne/Australia (4-8 July 1990). - On 4 October the President of the I.P.O. gave a lecture at the International Seminar on the Peaceful Reunification of Korea which was organized at the Roskilde University Center in Denmark. - The I.P.O. joined the meeting of the World Citizens Assembly in New York (11-13 October) and was among the sponsoring organizations of the First International Conference on a More Democratic United Nations (New York, 13-15 October).


INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE 1991


The I.P.O. will be the convener of the Second International Conference on a More Democratic United Nations (CAMDUN) which will be held at the United Nations Office at Vienna (Vienna International Centre) from 17 to 19 September 1991. This conference will be co-sponsored by several non-governmental organizations from all continents. Dr. Gudrun Grabher, Permanent Representative of the I.P.O. to the United Nations Office at Vienna, will be a member of the International Steering Committee.


AWARD OF HONOUR TO PRESIDENT OF THE I.P.O.

The Unity International Foundation (New Delhi) informed the I.P.O. that Dr. Hans Koechler was awarded the prize "Apostle of International Understanding."